SPARK (Simons Foundation Powering Autism Research for Knowledge) is an autism research initiative that aims to recruit, engage and retain a community of 50,000 individuals with autism and their family members living in the U.S.
Participation in this cohort involves the contribution of medical and behavioral information, mailing in saliva for genetic analysis, the potential option to have genetic findings related to autism returned, and the option to be recontacted to participate in future research studies. This community of engaged participants will provide researchers with an efficient way to invite individuals to participate in their research.
This research project is centrally coordinated by the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI) and includes collaboration with 31 university-affiliated research clinics in 26 states across the U.S. SFARI launched a pilot phase of the project in December 2015 with three clinical sites. An additional 18 sites began recruiting individuals with autism and their families in April 2016, 4 more sites began in April 2017 and the remaining sites in March 2019.
In addition, numerous national and local autism community organizations across the U.S. are partnering with SFARI to help recruit participants and spread the word about this landmark study.
Researchers can request de-identified phenotypic and genetic data and submit an application to recruit SPARK participants into new autism research studies through SFARI Base. The SPARK Recruitment Process Document provides answers to many frequently asked questions.
Families who are interested in learning more about SPARK or in participating can visit SPARKforAutism.org.
Phenotypic data from 150,064 individuals (including more than 59,000 individuals with ASD) are currently available to approved researchers via SFARI Base. These individuals include:
- 21,689 trios (individuals with ASD and both biological parents)
- 50,505 children (under 18 years of age) with ASD
- 8,713 adults with ASD
- 40,840 males with ASD
- 11,104 females with ASD
- 24,076 unaffected siblings
- 3,953 enrolled twins, triplets and quadruplets
- 6,552 multiplex families
A summary of the phenotypic data that is available for these participants can be accessed here.
A summary of the demographic and clinical information for these participants is available here.
Genomic data (whole-exome sequencing and genome-wide genotyping data) for 27,615 participants (including 5,279 simplex families with 2,785 unaffected siblings and 2,529 parent-child duos) are currently available to approved researchers via SFARI Base.
Whole-genome sequencing data from approximately 400 quads will be available later this year.
There will be a publication embargo for 6 months after all genomic data is released that will prohibit submission of manuscripts for publication.
A preprint that summarizes results from a pilot study that genetically characterized 457 families enrolled in SPARK is available here:
- Feliciano P. et al. bioRxiv (2019) Preprint
Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital
(Investigator: Robin Goin-Kochel, Ph.D.)
Boston Children's Hospital
(Investigators: Lisa Prock, M.D. and Mustafa Sahin, M.D., Ph.D.)
Center for Autism and the Developing Brain
(Investigator: Catherine Lord, Ph.D.)
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
(Investigators: Robert Schultz, Ph.D. and Juhi Pandey, Ph.D.)
Children’s Specialized Hospital
(Investigators: Jill Harris, Ph.D. and Malia Beckwith, M.D.)
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
(Investigator: Craig Erickson, M.D.)
Emory University and Marcus Autism Center
(Investigators: Chris Gunter, Ph.D. and Opal Ousley, Ph.D.)
Geisinger Autism & Developmental Medicine Institute
(Investigator: Christa Lese Martin, Ph.D.)
Kennedy Krieger Institute
(Investigator: Ericka Wodka, Ph.D.)
Maine Medical Center Research Institute
(Investigator: Matthew Siegel, M.D.)
Medical University of South Carolina
(Investigator: Laura Carpenter, Ph.D.)
Nationwide Children's Hospital
(Investigator: Eric Butter, Ph.D.)
Oregon Health and Science University
(Investigators: Eric Fombonne, M.D. and Brian O'Roak, Ph.D.)
The Rose F. Kennedy Children’s Evaluation & Rehabilitation Center at Montefiore
(Investigator: Lisa Shulman, M.D.)
Rush University Medical Center
(Investigators: Latha Soorya, Ph.D. and Cesar Ochoa-Lubinoff, M.D.)
(Investigator: Antonio Hardan, M.D.)
University of California, Davis MIND Institute
(Investigators: Leonard Abbeduto, Ph.D. and David Amaral, Ph.D.)
University of California, Los Angeles
(Investigator: Amanda Gulsrud, Ph.D.)
University of California, San Diego and Southwest Autism Research & Resource Center
(Investigator: Karen Pierce, Ph.D.)
University of Colorado, Denver
(Investigator: Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Ph.D.)
The University of Iowa
(Investigator: Jacob Michaelson, Ph.D.)
University of Miami
(Investigator: Melissa Hale, Ph.D.)
University of Michigan
(Investigator: Costanza Colombi, Ph.D.)
University of Minnesota
(Investigator: Suma Jacob, M.D., Ph.D.)
University of Mississippi Medical Center
(Investigator: Robert Annett, Ph.D.)
University of Missouri, Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders**
(Investigator: Stephen Kanne, Ph.D.)
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill**
(Investigators: Joseph Piven, M.D. and Gabriel Dichter, Ph.D.)
The University of Utah Child Development Program
(Investigator: Paul Carbone, M.D.)
University of Washington**
(Investigator: Raphael Bernier, Ph.D.)
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
(Investigator: Zachary Warren, Ph.D.)
(Investigators: Roger Jou, M.D., Ph.D. and Abha Gupta, M.D., Ph.D.)
** Pilot sites