Autism BrainNet, launched in May 2014, is a collaborative network of academic sites that collects, stores and distributes brain tissue for autism research. This resource is intended to support the highest-quality and most rigorous research into the underlying genetic and neuropathological mechanisms that contribute to autism and related neurodevelopmental disorders.
The Simons Foundation and Autism Speaks formed Foundation Associates, L.L.C. in 2013, whose only initiative is Autism BrainNet. David Amaral, a neuroanatomist and research director of the University of California, Davis MIND Institute, has been appointed director of Autism BrainNet. Amaral is responsible for the development of standard operating procedures for all sites, establishing collaborations with patient advocacy and research organizations and other national and international brain banks, and participating in the outreach campaign. Importantly, in November 2015, Autism BrainNet and the NIH NeuroBioBank announced a private-public partnership to develop a unified approach for brain banking for autism spectrum disorders.
Tissue collection and storage is carried out at four regional nodes across the United States: Sacramento (University of California, Davis), Dallas (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center), Boston (Harvard Beth Israel Hospital) and New York City (Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai). In 2016, a node in the United Kingdom was added (the Oxford Brain Bank at Oxford University).
Autism BrainNet has received 46 donations since it began collecting tissue in June 2014 (this includes tissue from individuals with autism as well as control tissue from individuals with no known disorder). In addition, the node at the University of California, Davis has contributed 10 additional donations received between 2011 and 2014.
The tissue and the data in the Autism Tissue Program (ATP) — an initiative created and run by Autism Speaks — have been incorporated into Autism BrainNet and are managed by Autism BrainNet. Autism BrainNet began distributing postmortem brain tissue previously collected by the ATP in July 2016. Distribution of the newly acquired tissue collected under the auspices of Autism BrainNet is expected to begin in the fall of 2016. More information about the tissue distribution and application process is available here.
The continuing success of Autism BrainNet will also depend on an outreach campaign that conveys the importance of postmortem brain donations for autism research. Autism BrainNet has partnered with the Autism Science Foundation to create the “It Takes Brains” outreach campaign. Individuals can participate in Autism BrainNet by registering at TakesBrains.org. Scientists and clinicians involved in research on autism and related disorders are encouraged to help spread the word about the need for postmortem brain donations.
For additional information, please email ([email protected]) or call 1877-333-0999 (24/7 hotline).
- Application form for tissue requests
- Read more about Autism BrainNet in the Simons Foundation 2014 Annual Report
- Watch the Autism BrainNet webinar: The latest in autism findings through the lens of brain tissue research, featuring Matthew Anderson
- Watch the Autism BrainNet webinar: Autism and epilepsy – A brain tissue perspective, featuring Shafali Jeste and David Menassa